Stonehenge: 5000 Year Old “Rock” Star Still Making History

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Geologists confirm the location of Stonehenge stones origin...

Stonehenge, located in Wiltshire, England, has been the topic of archaeological studies since before the 11th century invention of the word Henge.

What was it used for, and more over, where did the blue stone, which is not geologically similar to the sandstone of the region, come from? In 1923 Geologist  Herbert Henry Thomas theorized that Neolithic man had quarried the stones for the purpose of constructing the henge from Preseli Hills, some 250 miles from Wiltshire. The Perseli Hills, predominantly the blue stone, became the focus of archaeological study for the next  90 years.

preseli bluestone Stonehenge: 5000 Year Old “Rock” Star Still Making History

For more than 20 years Robert Ixer and Richard Bevins searched for hard evidence that proved the exact location of the origin of the stones. Expanding their search to a larger region, they collected rock samples and found no matches in Whales. Only two years ago the team thought there was no way that the stones had come from the country.

In 2011, the duo pointed to Craig Rhos-y-Felin, part of a nearby privately owned sheep farm, where they found the rhyolites about 3km ( approx. 2 miles) from Preseli Hills.

Just this month Bevins, working with a team composed from Aberystwyth University, University College London and National Museum of Wales, have discovered a specific region of the Preseli Mountains, Carn Goedog, as another match to the bluestone found at Stonehenge.

“Archaeologists can now search an area of hundreds of meters rather than hundreds of kilometers for evidence of Neolithic quarrying” said Bevins, who admits there is still possibly decades ahead before an exact location could be found, “I’ve been studying the bluestones for over 30 years now, and I’m no closer to finding an answer which convinces me either way. But the one thing which I am increasingly sure of is that each piece of the puzzle we find brings us another step closer to the truth. We’ve located two of the sources, and there’s another five or possibly six to go…By the time we have identified those then I’m certain we’ll have an answer either way. Whether that happens in my career, or even my lifetime, who knows?”

The location on the stones origins is pivotal to deciphering whether or not humans were even involved in the bluestone being moved to Wiltshire. Some archaeologist theorize that humans had nothing to do with the stones getting there and they simply used stones that had been transported via glacier from Preseli to Wales.

Now that more precise locations have been identified with the help of laser mass spectrometer techniques to analyze the chemical composition of the rock and the microbiology present when it was formed, archaeologists can focus on finding evidence of quarrying, such as tool marks on stones nearby.

The idea that humans could have transferred the rocks so far, even with the help of nearby waterways, has astounded generations, and proof of it would be, well, historic. The origin of the stones is only the tip of the iceberg for Stonehenge. Once there is concrete evidence of human involvement, then further research can be done to decipher exactly how the stones were transferred, and if evidence exists still of the transporting.

Stonehenge has been well treated in the modern era, being reconstructed in the early 1900s, with decades of maintenance and repair. Currently it is not possible to get closer than about 20 feet without booking a special visit, unless you’re up for a neo-pagan summer solstice party. Stonehenge is open for one night to celebrate the summer solstice in a really old school way. If historians are correct, the celebration of the solstice and festival of life was the original purpose of the massive standing stones. While research for evidence supporting the long list of theories continues, people will continue to wonder just what is up with Stonehenge.

As Ylvis puts it: (explicit lyrics)

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